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Indo-Iranian Branch

Iranian languages constitute a branch of the Indo-European language family. They are spoken over a wide area of the Middle East. The languages are called Iranian because the largest members of the branch have been spoken on the Iranian plateau since ancient times. Iranian languages, together with Indo-Aryan languages are thought to have evolved from a common ancestral language called *Proto-Indo-Iranian. Most scholars subscribe to ...Full Article

Indo-Aryan Branch

Indo-Aryan languages represent the easternmost branch of the Indo-European language family. They are spoken by close to one billion people in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, parts of the Himalayas, ...Full Article

Celtic Branch

Celtic languages descended from a common ancestral language called Proto-Celtic, a member of the Indo-European language family. Reconstruction of Proto-Celtic shows that it was a conservative language that had retained many ...Full Article

Baltic Branch

The Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family consists of a group of related languages that were spoken mainly in areas to the east and southeast of the Baltic Sea in Northern ...Full Article

Indo-European Language Family

Indo-European is a family of languages that first spread throughout Europe and many parts of South Asia, and later to every corner of the globe as a result of ...Full Article


Yiddish (ייִדיש) belongs to the Western group of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is likely that the language developed in central Europe from Middle High German varieties in the 11th-13th centuries ...Full Article


Welsh (Cymraeg) is a member of the Brythonic (or British) group of the Celtic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is spoken by 562,000 people in the north, west, and south ...Full Article


Urdū belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is spoken as a first language by 64 million people in Pakistan and India, and by 94 million people as a ...Full Article


Ukrainian (yкpaiнcькa мoвa) belongs to the East Slavic group of the Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. Its closest relatives are Belarusian and Russian. According to Ethnologue, there are 31 million speakers of Ukrainian in ...Full Article


Tajiki, or Tajik, (Зaбoни тoҷики), is a member of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the name for Persian in Tajikistan, a former Soviet republic in Central Asia, where it is spoken by slightly ...Full Article
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