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Topics Recently Updated

A writing system, also referred to as script or orthography, is a convention for representing the units of a spoken language by making marks on rocks, leaves, clay, bark, metal, or paper. The study of writing systems, to a large extent, consists of establishing correspondences between these marks, or symbols, and units of the spoken language such as individual … Full article

These benefits are essential for and are within reach of all learners. An early start to learning a second language, programs of immersion or dual language immersion, and long learning sequences show strong results in helping all learners achieve these results. Full article

1′ People often ask: “How long will it take me to become proficient in language X?” This question is impossible to answer because a lot depends on a person’s language learning ability, motivation, learning environment, intensity of instruction, and prior experience in learning foreign languages. It also depends on the degree to which the target language is similar to …

It may be surprising but it is very difficult question to answer. First of all, there are languages in some parts of the world that have not yet been studied such as in Papua New Guinea and the Amazon. Secondly, there are no clear-cut criteria for deciding what constitutes a separate language and what constitutes a dialect of a …

The world faces enormous challenges in maintaining language diversity. Of the more than 6,912 languages, half may be in danger of disappearing in the next several decades, although this figure cannot be verified. Endangered languages are languages that are on the brink of extinction, much like endangered species of plants or animals. A language is considered to be endangered …

 You might be surprised that for more than 200 years America have gotten by without declaring English as its official language, despite the fact that it is the de facto national language of the country. It is used for all official documents and pronouncements. By law some documents are printed in multiple languages in areas with large numbers of non-English speakers. … Full article

To get a general idea of your level, using the ACTFL Proficiency scale, read the following descriptions and watch the videos featuring Oral Proficiency Interview in English to determine the level that most closely matches your own speaking ability in the foreign language. Please note that self-assessment is not a very reliable tool, nor is it a substitute for a …

More and more users are plugging into the Internet worldwide. However, estimating the number of speakers of the world’s languages is difficult because many people are bilingual or multilingual and can use English or other global languages to surf the Internet. For instance, people who use English on the Internet are not limited to English-speaking countries but form a …

The overall picture of foreign language instruction at the elementary and secondary levels in 2008 showed few, if any, improvements over the past two decades. There is serious concern about the limited number of long-sequence K-12 language programs needed to achieve proficiency in a foreign language. There is also a wide gap between the haves and the have-nots. A …